In the spring of 2011, the Nicola Naturalist Society in partnership with Biolinx Environmental Research Ltd. of Victoria, began an ambitious project to map and monitor breeding amphibians (frogs and salamanders) in the Merritt region. The Biolinx team, led by Dr. Kristiina Ovaska, has released the first progress report on this project.
To download a copy of the report click here (1.5 Mb): Nicola amphibian monitoring report, Dec 2011
Highlights of the report:
- Nicola Naturalist volunteers contributed 253 volunteer hours;
- 54 wetlands were surveyed;
- 109 frog call listening stations along six routes were sampled;
- amphibians were mapped in 10×10 km grids – 30 grids were sampled in 2011.
These surveys detected all five amphibian species known from the region:
- Great Basin Spadefoot (nationally “Threatened”) was found in 27% of grids surveyed;
- Western Toad (nationally “Special Concern”) in 37%;
- Columbia Spotted Frog in 43%;
- Pacific Chorus Frog in 67%; and
- Long-toed Salamander in 17%.
Seven major and two minor-breeding sites of the Western Toad were identified. These sites are exceedingly important to protect as they can attract hundreds or thousands of toads over a wide area.
The Spadefoot and Pacific Chorus Frog were readily detected during night-time frog call surveys. This looks like a promising method to track population trends in future years.
The data collected contribute to the provincial database through the B.C. FrogWatch.
An important part of the project is liaison with local landowners. Biolinx prepared site-specific habitat management guidelines for three large landowners with amphibian habitat on their lands, including breeding sites for the Western Toad and Spadefoot. Contacts were established with the Nicola Tribal Association and are expected to lead to collaboration with local First Nations.
The project will continue in 2012.